Asperger’s syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects a child’s ability to socialize and communicate effectively with others. Children with Asperger’s syndrome typically exhibit social awkwardness and an all-absorbing interest in specific topics.
Doctors group Asperger’s syndrome with four other conditions that are called autistic spectrum disorders or pervasive developmental disorders. These disorders all involve problems with social skills and communication. Asperger’s syndrome is generally thought to be at the milder end of this spectrum.
Conservative estimates indicate that two out of every 10,000 children have Asperger’s, and boys are three to four times as likely as girls to have the disorder. While there is no cure for Asperger’s syndrome, treatment can help children learn how to interact more successfully with their peers.