Autistic Facial Characteristics Identified

I was researching to find out if there were facial characteristics identified in autistic children and found these two studies.

The face and brain develop in coordination, with each influencing the other, beginning in the embryo and continuing through adolescence.  Now, University of Missouri researchers have found distinct differences between the facial characteristics of children with autism compared to those of typically developing children.  This knowledge could help researchers understand the origins of autism. This article was in (ScienceDaily in Oct. 20, 2011) —.

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New Criteria May Reduce Autism Diagnoses

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In (Reuters Health) – January 23/14 – They reported the number of U.S. kids diagnosed with autism has been on the rise, but that trend could turn around with new diagnostic criteria coming into effect, researchers say.

By applying the new symptom checklist to 6,577 children who already met the old definitions for autism and related disorders, the study team found about 19 percent of the kids would not get an autism diagnosis today.

“Parents have no reason to be concerned about the findings of this study which is not about re-diagnosing people or taking away their diagnoses,” Dr. Brian King told Reuters Health in an email.

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Risk Factors in Personality Disorders

More women than men develop borderline personality disorder. But men are much more likely than women to have antisocial personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCD).

Other risk factors for personality disorders include:

~ A history of childhood verbal, physical or sexual abuse

~ A family history of schizophrenia

~ A family history of personality disorders

~ A childhood head injury

~ An unstable family life

Source for this article:  MayoClinic.com

HUFFING ~~ Is Your Child At Risk?

Huffing is sometimes used as a generic term for any type of inhalant abuse.

Huffing, sniffing or bagging causes a sense of euphoria that lasts about 15 to 30 minutes.  For many kids, inhalants provide a cheap and accessible alternative to alcohol.  The initial euphoria of huffing, may be followed by dizziness, slurred speech, and loss of coordination, inhibition and control.  Hallucinations and delusions are possible. MayoClinic.com

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In the Dubois County Free Press, it was reported that an auto crash was a possible factor that claimed two lives.

It was early morning when two cars collided, and both drivers had to be extricated from their vehicles.  The accident is still under investigation but the sheriff’s department stated they suspect one of the drivers of inhaling compressed air (huffing).

Migraine in Children May Affect School Performance

ScienceDaily (Oct. 29, 2012) — Children with migraine are more likely to have below average school performance than kids who do not have headaches, according to new research published in the October 30, 2012, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

The study of 5,671 Brazilian children ages 5 to 12 found that those with migraine were 30 percent more likely to have below average school performance than those with no headaches.

“Studies have looked at the burden of migraine for adolescents, but less work has been done to determine the effect of migraine on younger children,” said study author Marcelo E. Bigal, MD, PhD, of Merck & Co. in Whitehouse Station, New Jersey, and a member of the American Academy of Neurology.

For the study, the students’ teachers provided information on students’ performance that was the same information provided to educational boards. Teachers also completed a validated questionnaire screening for emotional and behavioral problems and interviewed parents with a questionnaire covering medical history, headaches and other information.

The study found that 0.6 percent of the children had chronic migraine, or migraine on 15 or more days per month, 9 percent had episodic migraine, and 17.6 percent had probable migraine, which meant they met all but one of the criteria for migraine and did not meet the full criteria for any other type of headache syndrome.

The link between migraine and poor performance in school was even stronger for children with migraines that were more severe, lasted longer, or for children with chronic migraine, as well as for those who also had emotional or behavioral problems.

“With approximately one-fourth of school-age children having headaches with migraine features, this is a serious problem, especially for those with frequent, severe attacks that do not subside quickly,” Bigal said. “Parents and teachers need to take these headaches seriously and make sure children get appropriate medical attention and treatment.”

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121029170810.htm

Health Tip: When Your Child is Stressed

(HealthDay News) – April 20, 2012Stress is a fact of life, and children are no less immune than their parents.

How can you recognize if your child is “stressed out?” The American Academy of Pediatrics mentions these possible warning signs:

  • Having physical problems, such as stomach ache or headache.
  • Appearing agitated, tired or restless.
  • Seeming depressed and unwilling to talk about his or her feelings.
  • Losing interest in activities and wanting to stay at home.
  • Acting irritable or negative.
  • Participating less at school, possibly including slipping grades.
  • Exhibiting antisocial behavior (stealing or lying), avoiding chores or becoming increasingly dependent on his or her parents.

Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

http://health.yahoo.net/news/s/hsn/health-tip-when-your-child-is-stressed

Web-Based Tool Produces Fast, Accurate Autism Diagnosis

ScienceDaily (Apr. 10, 2012)Researchers at Harvard Medical School have significantly reduced from hours to minutes the time it takes to accurately detect autism in young children.

The process of diagnosing autism is complex, subjective, and often limited to only a segment of the population in need. With the recent rise in incidence to 1 in 88 children, the need for accurate and widely deployable methods for screening and diagnosis is substantial. Dennis Wall, associate professor of pathology and director of computational biology initiative at the Center for Biomedical Informatics at Harvard Medical School, has been working to address this problem and has discovered a highly accurate strategy that could significantly reduce the complexity and time of the diagnostic process.

Wall has been developing algorithms and associated deployment mechanisms to detect autism rapidly and with high accuracy. The algorithms are designed to work within a mobile architecture, combining a small set of questions and a short home video of the subject, to enable rapid online assessments. This procedure could reduce the time for autism diagnosis by nearly 95 percent, from hours to minutes, and could be easily integrated into routine child screening practices to enable a dramatic increase in reach to the population at risk.

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Study questions antidepressant-suicide link

(Reuters Health) – February 17, 2012 – The Food and Drug Administration has a blanket warning on antidepressant medications stating they increase the risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among kids and young adults, but a new review of clinical data finds no link between suicide and at least two of the medications.

The new analysis, based in part on previously unpublished data, also concludes that treatment with antidepressants decreases the risk of suicide among adults of all ages.

“These results have to instill some additional confidence that prescribing these medications is not necessarily going to lead to suicidal thoughts or behavior,” said Robert Gibbons, a professor at the University of Chicago and lead author of the study, published in Archives of General Psychiatry.

The findings — based on data for kids and adults using fluoxetine (Prozac) and for adults on venlafaxine (Effexor) — are not enough to change everyone’s view of the risks of antidepressants, especially to kids.

“The authors in this study examined the risk of suicidal thinking or behavior associated with one drug, fluoxetine,” said Jeff Bridge, a researcher at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. “My view is that the weight of evidence shows a small but significant increased risk of suicidal ideation/suicidal behavior in pediatric patients treated with antidepressants.”

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Second exam important in child sex-abuse cases

(Reuters Health) – January 30, 2011 – When a child is thought to have been sexually abused, a second medical exam may be key to picking up injuries and sexually transmitted infections, a study published Monday finds.

The American Academy of Pediatrics already recommends that kids being examined for sexual assault have a follow-up exam in the weeks afterward.

But until now, no studies had looked at the benefits of doing that.

For the new report, researchers reviewed the records of 727 children and teenagers who were evaluated for sexual abuse or assault over a five-year period.

They found that almost one-quarter of the time, the patients’ second exam changed the findings of the first.

In 18 percent of cases, there was a shift in the diagnosis of traumatic injuries.

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Children with HIV in Asia resistant to AIDS drugs

(Reuters – Hong Kong) – Dec. 01, 2011 – Teenagers in Asia receiving treatment for HIV are showing early signs of osteoporosis and children as young as five are becoming resistant to AIDS drugs, an anti-AIDS group said on Thursday, urging more attention be given to young HIV patients.

The finding, made available on World AIDS Day, is a reminder that while more people in Asia now have access to basic AIDS drugs, improved medicines remain out of reach and patients — both adults and children — still suffer from inadequate care.

In Asia, some 160,000 children are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS. Of these, 57,000 require treatment but only 30,000 were receiving it as of the end of 2008, according to UNICEF.

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